Who is a CHINAMAN
In Dharmshala on Saturday, In last Test of India vs Australia series Kuldeep Yadav became the first-ever Chinaman bowler to play for the Indian men’s team. A Chinaman bowler is a type of left arm wrist off spin bowling in cricket. Left arm unorthodox spin bowlers use wrist spin to spin the ball and make it deviate, or turn from left to right after pitching. The direction of turn is the same as that of a right-handed off spin bowler, however, the ball will usually turn more sharply due to the spin being imparted predominantly by the wrist.
Just like a right arm leg break bowler, the variations that a left-arm Chinaman possesses are the googly or wrong’un , the top spinner and the flipper. The balls turns away from the right-handed batsman, as if the bowler were an orthodox left arm spinner.
The origin of the term Chinaman
The origin of the term is uncertain. One version relates to a test match played between England and West Indies at Old Trafford in 1933. Ellis ”Puss” Achong, a player of Chinese origin, was a left-arm orthodox spinner, playing for West Indies. He had Walter robins stumped off a surprise delivery that spun into the right-hander from outside the off-stump. As he walked to the pavilion, Robins reportedly said to the umpire, “Facny being done by a bloody Chinaman! ”, leading to the popularity of the term in England and subsequently in the rest of the world.
In Cricket’s modern era, Brad Hogg an Australian cricketer is a slow left-arm Chinaman bowler who popularized the Chinaman delivery and has one of the most disguised wrong-un’s.
Interestingly, the first Indian Chinaman bowler was a woman- Preeti Dimri, who played 2 Tests and 23 ODIs from 2006 to 2010.She has 5 test wickets and 28 ODI Scalps.